Vaccines substantially reduce Covid-19 hospitalisations: Scotland study

Vaccines substantially reduce Covid-19 hospitalisations: Scotland study
LONDON: Hospital admissions with Covid-19 were significantly reduced after the first dose of the two doses of Pfizer / BioNtech and Oxford / AstraZeneca vaccines by 85 percent and 94 percent, respectively, a first-of-its-kind review of the vaccine in the UK rollout program revealed on Monday.
A study led by the Public Health Scotland (PHS) found four weeks after the first dose that hospital admissions were reduced by 85 percent for the Pfizer / BioNtech and 94 percent Oxford / AstraZeneca shots – the two vaccines currently being administered in the UK -wide by the National Health Service (NHS).
Among those aged 80 and older, one of the highest risk groups, vaccination was associated with an 81 percent reduction in the risk of hospitalization by the fourth week, when the results for both vaccines were combined.
“These results are important because we are expected to move towards clear evidence of vaccine benefit. Across the Scottish population, the results show a substantial effect in reducing the risk of hospitalization after a single dose of vaccine, ”said Dr. Jim McMenamin, National Covid-19 Incident Director at PHS.
“I encourage everyone who has offered the vaccine to get vaccinated. We continue our evaluation and look forward to describing the benefits we hope will follow from the second doses of these vaccines, ”he said.
Researchers compared the results of those who got their first shot with those who didn't. As part of the EAVE II project, which uses patient data to monitor the pandemic and vaccine rollout in real time, the PHS, the universities of Edinburgh, Strathclyde, Aberdeen, Glasgow and St Andrew & # 39; s data on the vaccine effect.
“These data show real promise that the vaccines can protect against the serious effects of Covid-19. However, we should not be complacent. We all still need to make sure we stop the transmission of the virus, and the best way we can do all of this is by following public health guidelines – wash hands often, stay six feet from others, and if you develop symptoms, isolate and take a test, ”said Dr. Josie Murray, PHS Public Health Consultant Lead for EAVE II.
"We also all need to protect ourselves, our families and friends by taking the second dose of vaccine when it is offered," she said.
The data was collected between December 8, 2020 and February 15 of this year. During this time, 1.14 million vaccines were administered and 21 percent of the Scottish population had received a first dose.
Principal investigator Professor Aziz Sheikh, director of the Usher Institute at the University of Edinburgh, said: "These results are very encouraging and have given us good reason to be optimistic for the future. We now have national evidence – across a country – that vaccination protects against Covid-19 hospital admissions.
"The rollout of the first dose of vaccine now needs to be accelerated worldwide to help overcome this terrible disease."
He explained that the study was led by the University of Edinburgh's Usher Institute, one of five data-driven innovation hubs as part of the Edinburgh and South East Scotland City Region Deal.
The institute has been called a sector leader in applying data science to develop innovative and financially sustainable models of healthcare and social care that improve lives.
The study was funded by the Medical Research Council of the UK, the National Institute for Health Research and Health Data Research UK, and supported by the Scottish Government.

. (tagsToTranslate) pfizer / biontech (t) oxford (t) National Health Service (t) london (t) covid-19

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